Bordered on one side by the Mediterranean sea and on the other by two parallel mountain ranges, Lebanon is country suspended between the sky and the sea.
Despite its small area (10,452 square km), it is a land resplendent in its diverse geography, landscape, culture and history.
From the white-capped mountains and blue sea, to the countryside. from arid hills to lush forests, the visitor discovers a series of contrasts. Bare rocky mountains are followed by luxuriant valleys watered by rivers and waterfalls. The view changes quickly from pine covered hills to dramatic rocky landscapes, to fertile plains laid out with farms and vineyards.
A Small country with enormous heart, its location at the crossroads of the Mediterranean Basin and the Arabian hinterland facilitated the development of a rich history and shaped a cultural identity of religious and ethnic diversity.
Its capital, Beirut, was named after the Phoenician daughter of Adonis and Aphrodite, Beroe. Located on a peninsula at the midpoint of Lebanon’s Mediterranean coast, and one of the oldest cities in the world, inhabited more than 5,000 years ago. Despite its old age, and location in the Middle East, it is a young, fascinating, international city. There you can experience an enchanting view of history, since several prehistoric archaeological sites were discovered within the urban area of Beirut, like layers of Phoenician, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Crusader and Ottoman remains. Intriguing culture, with the National Museum of Beirut where you can see about 1,300 exhibits ranging in date from prehistoric times to the medieval Mamluk period, and The Archaeological Museum of the American University of Beirut, the third oldest museum in the Middle East, Sursock Museum, in addition to hundreds of art galleries where you can discover the artistic aspect of such a sophisticated city.
Must Visit Destinations in Lebanon
Beiteddine: the Palace of Emir, it hosts the annual Beiteddine Festival and the Beiteddine Palace Museum. Emir Bashir II of the Shihab dynasty, who later became the ruler of the Mount Lebanon Emirate, built the palace between 1788 and 1818 at the site of the Druze hermitage.
Byblos: Built by the god Cronus as the first city in Phoenicia. One of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, inhabited since 5000 BC.
Baalbek: City of the Gods, or “Sun City”, in reference to the solar cult there, it possesses some of the best-preserved Roman ruins in Lebanon, including one of the largest temples of the empire. The gods that were worshiped there (Jupiter, Venus, and Bacchus) were equivalent to the Canaanite deities Hadad, Atargatis. There you can see remains from Prehistoric era, antiquity, Middle age, to the early modernity.
Tyre: The Queen of Sea, where you can experience stories from Bronze and Iron Age, up to the Ottoman period. With magnificent cultural heritage, and great spiritual value.
Sidon: Possesses a long, deep, and glorious history, the archaeological site of Sidon II shows a lithic assemblage dating to the Acheulean, whilst finds at Sidon III include a Heavy Neolithic assemblage suggested to date just prior to the invention of pottery. It was one of the most important Phoenician cities, and it may have been the oldest.
Harrissa: Pilgrimage site, of the lady of Lebanon, Mother of Jesus. One of the most important shrines in the world honoring Mary, and a spiritual destination for millions of people around the world.
Finally, no words can truly describe it, Lebanon is an experience you must live through to understand.