The biospheres of Lebanon

Day 1

Beirut Airport

Arrive at Beirut International Airport under your own arrangements. Once you have completed the immigration and customs formalities, you will be welcomed by our representative ADONIS TRAVEL & TOURISM and will be transferred to your hotel for overnight.

Day 2

Beirut – Beiteddine – Barouk

After breakfast, departure by 4×4 to the attractive wooded slopes of the Chouf mountain. Here you can experience the beautiful end of the 18th century with the palace of Beiteddine, the most beautiful surviving example of the Libano-Ottoman architecture in the country. Then continue to the Barouk Nature Reserve: walk in the reserve where some trees are estimated at over 2,000 years old. The size and location of the reserve is ideal for the conservation of mammals, such as the wolf and the cat of the Lebanon jungle, as well as various species of birds and mountain plants. Back to the hotel for overnight.

Day 3

Qaraoun Lake – Taanayel Farms – Baalbeck – Cedars

Discover in 4×4 the West Bekaa district, we will start by stopping near Lake Qaraoun and visit the Tanayel farms. In 1860, Napoleon III left 200 hectares in Taanayel to the Jesuit fathers. Originally a marshy land, the monks turned the area into an agricultural land. They established a big farm, school and seminar. We continue on the road to Baalbeck to visit the World Heritage site that keeps on impressing. The complex is accessible by a monumental staircase, and then proceeds through the Propylaea and two impressive marble courtyards to the Temple of Jupiter – one of the largest temples ever built. To the south, is the beautifully decorated Temple of Bacchus. The building is in a good state of conservation, and despite its small size in comparison with the temple of Jupiter, is even bigger than the Parthenon in Athens – put your 4×4 in gear and head to the mountains at the Cedars Institute where we will spend the night.

Baalbek
Byblos

Day 4

Cedars – Qornet es-Sawda – Byblos

After breakfast, departure for Qornet es-Sawda from Mount Makmel which is located at an altitude of 3,088 m, about 6km from the Cedars Institute, it is the highest peak in Lebanon. A back and forth hike takes all day, the hike is’t too difficult, however, in winter the snow can be deep. Arriving at the top, we get a magnificent view that extends to the sea if visibility is clear. After this busy day, we will continue to the coast to reach the picturesque city of Byblos for the night.

Day 5

Byblos – Fakra – Beirut

A modern and prosperous city, based on multiple layers of ruins, Byblos is a mix of sophistication and tradition. A competitor for the title of “the oldest continually inhabited city”, Byblos is part of the coastal area that was formerly known as Canaan or Phenicia. The Modern scholars believe that the city of Byblos was founded at least 7000 years ago (5,000-4,000 BC). The current name of the city comes from the Greek word “papyrus” (paper). Byblos was not only a big trading center and producer of papyrus, but it is also famous for being the city where Phoenician scholars created the first alphabet in the world. The range of ruins consists of huts from the Stone Age, a Roman Theater, a Persian Fortress and an impressive Crusader Castle. Stroll through the medieval quarter of the city and explore the ancient souks (markets), ramparts, and several beautiful old churches. The small harbor was once a prosperous shopping center used to ship cedar wood around the region in ancient times. Visit the wax museum and fossils museum to discover the political and natural history of the region. An International Music Festival is held in Byblos every summer. After visiting this charming city, we drive to Jisr El Hajar: an impressive natural limestone bridge, located on the outskirts of Faqra and about 3km from Faraya. The bridge is 34 meters long and 15 meters high, and crosses the Nahr Al Laban river. Although it is so well carved it seems to have been made by man, it has actually been carved by wind and water over the centuries. Cross the surrounding mountains to reach Beirut for the night.

 

byblos

Day 6

Beirut - Beirut International Airport

Transfer to Beirut International Airport and departure.